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Volleyball Court Construction

What is Volleyball?

Volleyball is a team sport in which two teams of six players are separated by a net. Each team tries to score points by grounding a ball on the other team's court.

The volleyball court itself is 18m (59 ft) long and 9m (29.5 ft) wide. It is divided by a net set at varying heights depending upon the players sex age etc.

A line 3m (10ft) from the net is considered the "attack line". This line divides the court into "back row" and "front row" areas.

Volleyball Surfaces

Mor-Sports offer various Volleyball Court Surfaces including:

  • Acrylic Surfaces
  • Grass
  • Sand

Mor-Sports Acrylic Volleyball Surfaces - Plexiflor SS

Plexiflor is a reinforced, smooth acrylic coating specially formulated for use over asphalt or concrete. It is an all-weather, non-abrasive smooth textured, multi-purpose athletic surface.

Its technology, flexibility and compatibility with standard tennis court acrylics allows for the conversion of under-utilized sport facilities, providing an easily maintained and color intense surface.

Plexicourt is a high performance Volleyball court and sport surface system made for both indoor and outdoor use. Incorporating years of sports surface manufacturing and field experience with the most recent advancements in material technology to ensure a safe and comfortable surface.

PLEXICOURT SS - smooth texture court surface

Sports such as volleyball prefer a smoother court surface finish that has minimal abrasion. The finish texture of Plexicourt SS is appropriate for indoor sport facilities and facilities that control use in damp conditions. System components include:

  • Surface preparations
  • Acrylotex LA / Plexichrome - a highly pigmented, UV resistant coating incorporated with a fine textured finish.
  • Plexiflor - a reinforced, smooth acrylic coating especially formulated for use over asphalt or concrete.

Sand Courts

There is more to building a true sand Volleyball court than just going to the builders merchants, picking up bags of sand and setting up a net!

With a sand Volleyball court, quality is paramount as there are not many players who are prepared to play in clouds of dust or when they fall are subject to scratches and cuts!

In summary, a good beach Volleyball court starts and ends with the type of sand used. If you want beach volleyball sand you should typically not use golf course bunker sand or washed masonry sand. You want a blend of ideal particle sizes with low dust.

Types of Sand

Simply, the playing area should be level and consist of good quality sand to a thickness which prevents players from contacting the underlying surface.

The cost is typically more than Masonry Sand since process are required that ensure that a quality sand base is used which has undergone procedures to ensure that the dust is taken out of the sand and that all of the small pebbles and other angular rocks that scrape up your skin are also removed.

This mechanically screening out of the small rocks and pebbles is essential, allowing us to ensure that you have a surface fit for purpose.

Court Equipment


Poles supporting the volleyball net should be made of stainless steel, anodized aluminum, galvanized steel, treated wood (6 x 6's or larger are preferred with sanded edges. It is also sensible to consider padding the poles to protect players using your court and to give your court that cosmetic professional look. Poles should be approximately 10.5-16 feet long and cemented into a concrete footing measuring at least 1 foot in diameter and 3 feet deep.


Official outdoor nets measure 32 feet long by 39 inches tall.

Boundary Lines

Mor-Sports recommend that the boundary lines be made of brightly colored tape or webbing.

We recommend that tradititonal "ropes" are avoided if possible as they can and do leave burns if you contact them accidentally.

A purpose designed, thick webbing is what is recommended and what the professionals use.

To build a sand court, our expert installers follow the outlined schedule set out below:

Site Preparation:
Excavating the court area to a 1½ to 3 foot depth and constructing either single or if necessary multiple drainage ditches.

Ground drainage system:
Which is usually a perforated drainage pipe is then laid across the court with a clean out on the high side and the other open to the drainage ditch.

Court Drainage PVC & Gravel may be required:
Depending on how well the ground drains, it may be necessary to overlay the court area with a few inches to a one-foot thickness of pea gravel. Alternatively, place pea gravel just around the perforated drain pipe may suffice. Pea gravel around the perforated PVC pipe is important to prevent the holes in the PVC pipe from plugging.

A Geotextile Membrane is then laid:
This prevents sand from washing through into the base gravel and plugging the perforated pipe.

The playing area alone will consume approximately 100+ tons of sand at a depth of approximately 12 inches. Consideration should be given to purchasing between 100-300 tons per court dependant upon the size of the court and the depth of sand required.

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